Basics of HTML for Selenium WebDriver

What is HTML?

  • HTML stands for Hyper Text Mark-up Language
  • HTML describes the structure of a Web page
  • HTML consists of a different elements
  • HTML elements tell the browser how to display the content
  • HTML elements are represented by tags
  • HTML provides the basic structure of sites, which is enhanced and modified by other technologies like
  • CSS is used to control presentation, formatting, and layout.
  • JavaScript  is most well-known as the scripting language for Web pages and it is used to control the behaviour of different elements. is most well-known as the scripting language for Web pages.
Sample HTML
In Above Image:
<The <!DOCTYPE html> declaration defines this document to be HTML5
The <html> element is the root element of an HTML page
The <head> element contains meta information about the document
The <title> element specifies a title for the document
The <body> element contains the visible page content
The <h1> element defines a large heading
The <p> element defines a paragraph

HTML Tags:

--HTML tags are element names surrounded by angle brackets:
<tagname>content here...</tagname>
The <!DOCTYPE> declaration represents the document type, and helps browsers to display web pages correctly.
--HTML Headings - HTML headings are defined with the <h1> to <h6> tags.
<h1>This is a Heading</h1>
--HTML Paragraphs - HTML paragraphs are defined with the <p> tag.
<p>This is a paragraph.</p>
--HTML Links - HTML links are defined with the <a> tag:
<a href="">This is a link</a>

Attributes allow you to customise a tag, and are defined within the opening tag. Attributes are used to provide additional information about HTML element.

--HTML Images - HTML images are defined with the <img> tag.
The source file (src), alternative text (alt), width, and height are provided as an attributes
<img src=“ATI.jpg" alt=“" width="105" height="144">
--HTML Buttons- HTML buttons are defined with the <button> tag.
<button>Click me</button>
--HTML Lists - HTML lists are defined with the <ul> (unordered/bullet list) or the <ol> (ordered/numbered list) tag, followed by <li> tags (list items):


The <form> Element
--The HTML <form> element defines a form that is used to collect user input:
Form elements are different types of input elements, like text fields, checkboxes, radio buttons, submit buttons, and more.

The <input> Element
--The <input> element is the most important form element.
--The <input> element can be displayed in several ways, depending on the type attribute.
<input type="text">
<input type="radio">
<input type="submit">
--The <select> Element - The <select> element defines a drop-down list:
<select name="cars">
  <option value="volvo">Volvo</option>
  <option value="saab">Saab</option>
  <option value="fiat">Fiat</option>
  <option value="audi">Audi</option>

div tag
--The <div> tag defines a division or a section in an HTML document.
--The <div> element is often used as a container for other HTML elements to style them with CSS or to perform certain tasks with JavaScript.

Please watch below video for complete details:

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